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Biscotti are long and hard cookies that many enjoy by dipping into coffee, hot chocolate, or wine. As fancy coffee shops become more and more popular in the United States, biscotti have also become more fashionable (and expensive). It turns out, biscotti is easy to make, and a whole batch costs the same as a single biscotto at Starbucks. Here's my recipe for an Almond and Orange Zest Biscotti that can be enjoyed as is or chocolate dipped.

The name "biscotti" is Italian and literally means twice baked - which is exactly how we'll prepare it. Biscotti can be found in all sorts of flavors, but the most common contain anise, hazelnuts and filberts, and almonds. In this recipe we'll join the flavors of almond and orange (and chocolate). (I should probably also mention that the singular form of biscotti is "biscotto".)

Start by assembling the ingredients: 1 cup (200 g) sugar, 2 large eggs, 3/4 cup (80 g) slivered almonds, 2 tablespoons minced orange zest (about half an orange's zest), 1 teaspoon baking powder, 1/4 teaspoon salt, and 2 cups (250 g) flour. You will also need 1/2 teaspoon (2.5 mL) vanilla extract and 1/4 teaspoon (1.2 mL) almond extract (not shown in photo).

For removing the zest from an orange, I find that when using a Microplane Zester upside down (with the orange under the zester), the zest stays in the device making it much easier to judge how much you've collected. If not using a Microplane (or a zester that produces comparably fine zest), you'll need to mince the zest for this recipe.

Preheat the oven to 350°F (175°C). Whisk the flour, baking powder, and salt together.

Select a mixing bowl that is large enough to hold all the ingredients and still provide enough room to fold them together without making a mess.

Break two large eggs into the large mixing bowl and add the sugar. Whisk to combine.

Continue whisking the sugar and eggs until the color has lightened to a pale yellow. I like using a spare piece of mesh cabinet liner to keep the bowl from shifting while I'm whisking.

Add the vanilla extract, almond extract, orange zest, and slivered almonds to the egg and sugar mixture. Using a spatula, stir once or twice to combine.

Working in batches, pour enough of the flour mixture to cover the surface of the egg mixture. Use a spatula and fold in the flour using as few strokes as possible. Add more flour and fold until all the flour has been integrated. Folding is performed by using a spatula to scoop from either the side or the middle of the mixture and lifting and "folding" (basically movign the spatula laterally and then flipping it over to drop the mixture) onto another part of the mixture. Rotate the bowl each fold.

The key is not to stir or mix the flour with the liquid too much. Gently folding helps prevents the formation of too much elastic gluten. The presence of too much gluten will defeat the delicate and crisp texture we are trying to achieve and result in a possibly chewy product.

Split the batter in half and place the two rough balls onto a non-stick baking sheet (such as a silicone baking mat or parchment paper set in a half sheet pan). With your hands, form the batter into two loaves of approximately 10-in. (25 cm) by 2 in. (5 cm) each. Wetting your hands just a bit may help with molding the loaves since the batter will be fairly sticky.

Bake the loaves at 350°F (175°C) for 40 minutes (rotating the pan once after twenty minutes). The loaves should have just started to crack. (Don't wait for big cracks or you might overcook the biscotti.)

Remove the loaves from the pan and place them on a wire rack to cool for at least ten minutes. This cooling step is extremely important to your non-dominant hand as it will be holding the loaf while you cut it in the next step.

After some cooling, move a loaf to a cutting board and cut diagonally into 3/8-in. (1 cm) thick pieces. Do the same to the other loaf. The interior of each biscotto should still be just a little moist (while the exterior is nice and hard). The crust of the loaf will probably be quite hard, so use a large serrated knife such as a bread knife for this job.

Place the biscotti with a cut side facing up on a half sheet pan and bake for 8 minutes. Remove the pan and flip all the biscotti over so the other cut side is now facing up. Bake for another 7 minutes. Set all the pieces on a wire rack to cool making sure that none of the biscotti are touching each other. If the biscotti are placed too close together, they could get a little soft or soggy as they cool.

Once the biscotti have fully cooled, they can be consumed as is, or chocolate dipped. To chocolate dip, simply break up the chocolate of your choice (dark chocolate is Tina's favorite) and place in a large metal mixing bowl. I find it easier to dip biscotti in large quantities of chocolate, so I usually make two batches of biscotti (4 loaves), and melt about 250 g (a bit more than 1/2 pound) chocolate. For one batch, 125 g (about 1/4 pound) chocolate should be enough. Using a flat bottomed mixing bowl also makes it easier to dip (otherwise you may need to transfer the chocolate to another container after melting to dip the biscotti).

Place the mixing bowl with the chocolate over a saucepan containing about an inch of water (but not so much that the mixing bowl will actually make contact with the water). Bring the water to a boil and then reduce the heat to a simmer. Once the chocolate begins to melt, you can turn off the heat and let the residual heat and steam continue to heat the bowl and melt the chocolate.

Stir occassionally to check when the chocolate has completely melted. Once the chocolate has melted, you can leave the mixing bowl over the hot water to keep the chocolate warm and melted as you dip the biscotti.

Dip each biscotto in the chocolate by inserting the flat bottom into the chocolate. Use a spatula to remove any excess chocolate and then lay the biscotto (chocolate side down) on a silicone mat or sheet of parchment paper. Repeat until all the biscotti have been dipped. The biscotti can then be left to cool on its own or placed in the refrigerator.

The biscotti tastes best during the first few days, but will keep for up to a month in a sealed air-tight container.

Almond & Orange Zest Biscotti (makes about 20 cookies)
Preheat oven to 350°F (175°C)
1 cup (200 g) sugarwhisk until light yellowstir ingently fold inform into two loavesbake 350°F (175°C) 40 min. rotating oncecool on wire rack and cut into 1 cm stripsbake 350°F (175°C) 8 min.flip biscottibake 350°F (175°C) 7 min.
2 large eggs
1/2 tsp. (2 g) vanilla extract
1/4 tsp. (1 g) almond extract
3/4 cup (80 g) slivered almonds
2 Tbs. orange zestmince
2 cups (250 g) flourwhisk
1 tsp. (4.6 g) baking powder
1/4 tsp. (1.5 g) table salt

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Written by Michael Chu
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83 comments on Biscotti:(Post a comment)

On January 12, 2006 at 07:56 PM, Mr Wozencroft (guest) said...
Subject: Yes you know it bro
Your site is out of///..... site/sight.

I want the biscoti, I want the beer can turkey, I want it all.

Perfect bro.... forget the inlarged prostate and the kate bush collection, your a dude... dude. Live it up up and like it rude. Love you baby.

You knows it bro. Welcome. Wales.

Pleaaaaaaaaase, Pleeeeeeeeeeeeaasee me baby. Love.

On January 13, 2006 at 02:43 AM, Cookin' Engineer (guest) said...
Subject: Chocolate quantities
There is a bit of confusion with the quantity of chocolate specified in the recipe. 500g is a bit more than a pound, not 1/2 pound, so which is correct metric or standard?

Great site btw!

On January 13, 2006 at 08:09 AM, James (guest) said...
Subject: almonds
I'm not a fan of almonds, in any of their forms. Anything that smells too much like cyanide can't be good...

So, I was wondering, do you think these will work well without the almonds? Or failing that, is there an alternative you could suggest? Thanks!

On January 13, 2006 at 09:56 AM, kayenne (guest) said...
Subject: =P
re: chocolate quantity.

whether 500gms or 1lbs(good for 2 batches of biscotti), 250gms or 1/2lbs(single recipe biscotti), is irrelevant to this recipe as it's only used for dipping. depending on the chocolate's viscosity and the hand that dips, more or less chocolate can be used. the weight given here is just a guideline in approximating.

alternatively, you can melt chocolate in a microwave in a tall measuring cup. then just dip in half or just the ends of the biscotti in. if you want a nuttier biscotti, while the chocolate hasn't set, roll biscotti in additional chopped nuts or rice crispies. ;)

re: not liking almonds

you can use other chopped nuts like filberts/hazelnuts, cashews, macadamia, or even dried fruits. others often pair macadamias with white chocolate. but i'm a strict follower of the dark variety. preferably 65% cacao.

as for omitting nuts totally, that is also acceptable. but if the resulting batter is a little too wet, maybe a bit more flour in in order. alternatively, you can substitute rolled oats for an extra crunch! :D

On January 13, 2006 at 12:03 PM, Michael Chu said...
Subject: Re: Chocolate quantities
Cookin' Engineer wrote:
There is a bit of confusion with the quantity of chocolate specified in the recipe. 500g is a bit more than a pound, not 1/2 pound, so which is correct metric or standard?

I've corrected the recipe. I use 250 g to dip one batch (2 loaves) of biscotti. (I buy 500 g bricks and was thinking that I split them in half first so I got the 1/2 pound correct, but forgot to divide the metric mass in half as well...)

On January 14, 2006 at 11:56 AM, an anonymous reader said...
Subject: tempering?
I've read that melted chocolate should be tempered in order to resolidify correctly. Does it matter when you are using it for dipping?

On January 16, 2006 at 03:16 PM, of troy (guest) said...
this basic biscotti recipe can be altered easily, (lemon walnut, or dates an saffon are excelent alternate flavors.)

chocolate biscotti require a slight re-engineering of the recipe, (or find an chocolate recipe to start) and make it special with the addition of 1 teaspoon of cayenne pepper per 1.5 cups of flour. (some recipes are larger/smaller, 1 teaspoon per 1.5 cups of flour is a good ratio. it make them picant.

On January 17, 2006 at 01:34 AM, bedouina (guest) said...
Subject: Singular of Biscotti
Thank you, thank you, thank you, for using biscotto correctly in a sentence. As a person who cares about grammar and knows rudimentary Italian, I cannot stand asking for a single "biscotti" at the cafe. But they always look confused when I ask for a biscotto. And then I feel like such a pedant explaining it. But to ask for "one biscotti, please" makes my skin crawl.

Yes, it would be cheaper to bake a batch of them, but then I'd eat the batch. Not good.

Thanks again for your site.

On January 17, 2006 at 10:52 AM, LM (guest) said...
Subject: Biscotti
This is without a doubt the best biscotti I have ever made! I made two minor changes. I doubled up on the Vanilla extract, and eliminated the almond extract and I used walnuts instead of almonds. It was a hit at a family party!

On January 18, 2006 at 12:44 AM, LAN3 (guest) said...
Subject: tempering chocolate
I don't tempering the chocolate is necessary in this case-- tempering chocolate, as I understand it, is mainly relevant when the chocolate will be standing on its own.

I usually encounter this issue when baking cookies or other goodies that have chocolate kisses. Kisses are perfectly tempered in the bag, but once they've melted inside a cookie (or one of the Surreal Gourmet's "Chocolate Kiss Wontons"), the kiss usually re-solidifies but doesn't have the same hardness as before. I'm speaking only of the milk chocolate ones, because I haven't cooked with different varieties.

On January 18, 2006 at 03:25 PM, Michael Chu said...
Subject: Re: tempering?
Anonymous wrote:
I've read that melted chocolate should be tempered in order to resolidify correctly. Does it matter when you are using it for dipping?

The chocolate will resolidify without a problem, but, without tempering, the chocolate won't be as hard or nice looking. Generally, for something like biscotti, I don't bother (since it gets consumed in a relatively short period of time). Not tempering the chocolate does not affect the taste, but it can affect how shiny the chocolate looks and how quickly it develops bloom. If you're serving the biscotti in a warm environment, you may want to temper the chocolate. I'll put tempering on my list of articles to write.

On January 19, 2006 at 12:10 PM, an anonymous reader said...
Biscotti doesn't mean twice baked in Italian, it the plural of cookie (biscotto). The twice baked thing is one of those rumors that tend to get spread around, who knows where it originally came from.

On January 19, 2006 at 09:24 PM, an anonymous reader said...
From Merriam Websters Dictionary:
Main Entry: bis·cot·to
Pronunciation: bi-'skät-O
Function: noun
Inflected Form(s): plural bis·cot·ti /-E/
Etymology: Italian, biscuit, cookie, from (pane) biscotto, literally, bread baked twice: a crisp cookie or biscuit of Italian origin that is flavored usually with anise and filberts or almonds

On January 26, 2006 at 02:20 AM, an anonymous reader said...
Subject: Gluten Free
I notice in your recipe you have a caution about over activating the gluten in the wheat flour. I noticed you had a brief description of wheat flour and the gluten in it - I'm wondering if you have ever considered attempting to cook gluten free (besides the occasional flourless cake).
You see, a little over a year ago, I had to go to a gluten free diet. I used to bake quite a bit; only recently after finding a few authors dedicated to the subject have I rediscovered baking.
Putting aside the inconvenience and cost of cooking gluten free, there are some benefits - besides my health and well being - such as learning a bit more about the chemistry of cooking, and having some recipes where gluten is a negative turn out far better.
For instance, I used to turn out a mean pie crust (there are two secrets to a consistently excellent crust made with wheat flour... but that'd be telling). Still, I'd occasionally have an off day where I had inadvertently overworked the gluten in the wheat flour and made a tough crust. Since going gluten free, this simply never happens anymore, and the gluten free recipe is just as tasty as my old recipe. (While obviously I am unable to tell the difference myself, none of my friends could tell the difference. Some thought I had gone back on my diet just for this one thing.)
Apologies for the length. My question is, have you or will you ever consider attempting gluten free cooking? There is approximately 1 in 150 (possibly more and including myself of course) people who would be very interested if you did.

On January 27, 2006 at 02:18 PM, an anonymous reader said...
How about eggless biscotti? Possible? My fiance has an egg alergy and cannot tolerate even a little of it :(.

On January 29, 2006 at 11:36 PM, an anonymous reader said...
Subject: Egg Allergy
For those with an egg allergy, try using soy flour in place of the egg. I think it's about 1 TB per egg plus 1 TB water. You can find soy flour in the local health food store. Good luck!

On February 03, 2006 at 01:50 PM, TheOneEyedMan (guest) said...
Subject: Orange Zest
I made the cookies last weekend. I loved them, although I found that they got harder faster than other cookies I've made. I gave many of them to my family and they found it similar to madel bread. I looked up a few recipies for that and they seemed to user oil, which this recipie interestingly doesn't call for. I imagine that would keep them moister. Something to try later.

I wanted to mention that the picture directions at the top of the article don't explain when to add the zest. You have to look to the picture portion to see when to add them. You might want to fix that.

On February 09, 2006 at 09:11 PM, beadaholic (guest) said...
Subject: wonderful
I have made these twice and am making these again now for my mother, they are wonderful. I grind up the almonds and add them ground to the mixture, I increased almonds to 1 cup, they are just yummy. I also have added in Cardomon, which is one of my favorite flavors.

On February 15, 2006 at 04:17 AM, an anonymous reader said...
I used self-raising flour (only had that - time to go shopping) instead of the flour, baking powder and salt, added anise powder instead of orange, and halved the size, and it still worked out. Thanks!

One thing to remember with cookies is that they will still cook when you take them out of the oven, so don't try to bake them well (especially important to get moist choc chips cookies). However, biscotti seem to want to be dry, as they are better dipped than eaten on their own.

By not adding oil/butter, this is a better recipe. Otherwise, you might get some oily surface when you dip them in coffee.

On February 15, 2006 at 03:55 PM, diane (guest) said...
Subject: biscotti
Thanks for the great biscotti recipe. I noticed that the amounts of vanilla and almond extract were not listed in the recipe exept for in the graph at the end. I was glad to see the options you put in with the comments, as, even with favorite recipes, I like a little variety sometimes.

On February 23, 2006 at 06:55 PM, micheyd (guest) said...
Subject: biscotti - starbucks quality
I am an expert biscotti maker and I shudder at this recipe. :( It is definately "americanized". This recipe doesn't include the real secret to delicious biscotti. Biscotti is taken after a meal, the anise is meant to settle the tummy. Since anise and chocolate don't go, biscotti should not be dipped in chocolate whatsoever. Ever.

Nuts are always good, but as you point out, optional.

My question is where's the butter? I almost put my recipe here, but I couldn't bear to let the secret out.

I do have to compliment your "loafs" though.

On March 20, 2006 at 08:06 PM, amh (guest) said...
Subject: Biscotti
Please forgive the length of this message: In response to the person who wrote that he/she is an “expert biscotti maker”: while traditional biscotti does not have chocolate added to it, one can certainly be flexible and prepare it the way one pleases; with or without chocolate. In fact, I have sent several varieties to friends in Italy, and they love those with chocolate! I have always admired the flexibility shown by Italians… And, in Italy, biscotti are also enjoyed in the late-afternoon dipped in wine. To the person “who cares about grammar”: when one is speaking the language, of course, it’s important to use a word properly. However, in most languages, words “imported” from other languages tend to get slightly corrupted. And, if one wants to be consistent with the correct singular/plural usage, then we should write/say “Biscotto recipe”; “biscotto maker”, etc. In Italy, any type of hard cookie is referred to as “Biscotti” (Biscotto”!), while here and in other countries, we have come to regard “biscotti” as being only those cookies that are shaped, baked and then dried-out in the oven, as in the recipe above. (I found this definition on-line: Italian, from Medieval Latin bis coctus, twice cooked; see biscuit. But, as happens in language, the word is used today to describe a cookie.) So, let’s all relax, bake our biscotti – with or without chocolate! – and enjoy it whether we refer to it as “biscotto” or “biscotti”!!! Thank you for a very interesting site!

On March 31, 2006 at 03:30 PM, PittsburghJoe (guest) said...
Subject: "Starbucks quality biscotti?" Is that a complimen
Since when does Starbucks have anything to do with quality of baked goods? Puleeeeze. They can't even do muffins, let alone biscotti.

Chocolate dipping is fine. As long as it's good chocolate.

Btw, anise and chocolate go together extremely well in mole sauce.

Now there's an idea... a chipotle pumpkin biscotti in dipped bittersweet chocolate with sesame seeds... hmmm.

On June 01, 2006 at 10:08 AM, Joyce (guest) said...
Subject: Biscotti recipe
I wanted to say thank you for the recipe for Biscotti. My husband is on a gluten free diet due to celiac disease, so I am always looking for new ways to do things. I made a few substitutions on the recipe such as instead of regular wheat flour I used a baking mix for gluten free diets. The mix I use has ground almonds in it so no need to add additional almonds unless your into a much nuttier taste. I also do not dip my Biscotti in chocolate as I use the Biscotto bisquits as a base in other recipes such as ground up and used in place of graham cracker in cheese cake crusts. The possibilities are endless.
Thanks again :)

On July 01, 2006 at 07:20 PM, miss vicki (guest) said...
Subject: another great chocolate and cherry biscotti recipe....
Chocolate Chunk Biscotti
4-6 ounces blanched almonds
2 1/2 cups flour
1-2 cups sugar
1/4 tsp salt
1/2 tsp baking powder
3 eggs
1 tsp vanilla extract
1 tsp almond extract
2 tbsp amaretto creamer
8 ounces semi-sweet chocolate chips or chocolate chunks chopped

Preheat oven to 350° F. Spread almonds on a baking sheet and toast them in oven until lightly golden. Let cool. Coarsely chop half the nuts.

Mix together sugar and eggs, beating well until the color of the mixture is light yellow and fluffy. Add vanilla, almond extract and creamer (use milk if you don't have the creamer). In a separate bowl combine flour, salt and baking powder. Beat flour into egg mixture and then gently fold in the toasted almonds (hold out a few almonds for topping) and the chocolate chips.

The consistency should be doughy but it will still be a bit gooey. Remove to a floured surface and knead briefly, then divide 2-4 pieces. Roll each piece into a cylinder 10 inches long and about 2 1/2 inches in diameter. Press down to flatten them into an oval shape about three inches across. Press slivered almonds into top, and sprinkle with turbinado sugar.

Place the rolls on each baking sheet and bake 15 to 25 minutes, until lightly browned and firm to the touch. Place on a wire rack to cool for about 10 minutes, and then with a spatula, carefully transfer the rolls to a cutting board and slice each one diagonally into cookies about 1/2-inch thick. Return the slices to the oven, with one cut side facing up. Turn them over after about 10-15 minutes. Continue baking for another 10-15 minutes, or until very firm and crisp. Cool on wire rack.

Chocolate Cherry Biscotti
See above ingredients (minus the chocolate chips)
1/2 cup finely chopped, well-drained marascino cherries
2 tbsp unsweetened powdered cocoa

Follow the recipe as described above, right up through the addition of the almonds. Instead of chocolate chunks/chips, fold in cherries and cocoa.

Since I added the powdered cocoa at the end, it wasn't fully blended, and the result was a sort of marbled look which I liked. But if you want a darker, more even look, combine the cocoa with the sugar and eggs and beat together to get an even texture/color.


On September 12, 2006 at 10:18 PM, merry (guest) said...
Subject: all purpose vs unbleached white flour
any problem substituting all purpose unbleached flour in this terrific recipe?

On September 13, 2006 at 03:49 AM, Michael Chu said...
Subject: Re: all purpose vs unbleached white flour
merry wrote:
any problem substituting all purpose unbleached flour in this terrific recipe?

AP unbleached should work fine.

On September 26, 2006 at 06:57 PM, anonymous baker (guest) said...
Subject: The second bake of the biscotti
I stand my sliced biscotti on their flat bottoms when they go into the oven to get dried out. This saves the step of having to pull them out and flip them all over and stick them back in the oven. Plus they take up less space that way too!

Thanks for an awesome website!

On October 25, 2006 at 10:57 PM, an anonymous reader said...
Subject: Rocks and flour
Careful with the amount of flour when making these biscotto, a full two cups could make them hard as a rock, as was the case when I made my first batch. A little less made them much better, especially subsituting with poppy-seeds and lemon rine...

On October 26, 2006 at 05:19 AM, Todd (guest) said...
You have to remember to sift the flour before measuring. Michael's said this in a couple previous articles - if you don't sift and you use the volumetric measurement, then you'll end up using a random quantity of flour (but always more than he specifies). Or, just get yourself a scale and use his mass values.

On November 14, 2006 at 03:58 AM, michael leon (guest) said...
Subject: biscotti
Ciao tutti,

I'm an American dude, ex 82nd Airborne paratrooper/journalist, living n Italy since 1982. The guy who set up this site has very efficiently and correctly advised us all on how to bake biscotti (plural for biscotto / cookies). He is also correct to suggest that "chocolate" dipped biscotti are acceptable in Italy and highly appreciated by most Italians who "like" chocolate. There is NOTHING American about chocolate-dipped biscotti. Further, let's give the guy (site man) a break and spare him details of "our" individual ailments, handicaps, diseases etc. "Site Man" should not be wasting his time "pimping biscotti" to meet AMA or CDC guidelines...god help him. Having said that is anyone interested in my specialty of "celery biscotti" with 1000 Island dip ? Now that's AMERICANIZED !

On January 03, 2007 at 11:42 PM, christenmu (guest) said...
Subject: Adding butter in the recipe
I haven't tried your recipe, but I've been adding 2 to 3 tablespoons of softened butter in my biscotti recipe and it came out crispier and lighter. Give it a try.
My recipe also called for 4 eggs and that may have made it a bit messier in handling the dough, but you can refrigerate the dough for about half an hour so that it is easier to shape the dough.
I use anise extract and also dipped or drizzle with melted chocolate.
Never failed in pleasing everyone.

On January 31, 2007 at 05:25 PM, Erin (guest) said...
Subject: Addition of Cocoa
I have a question. I keep trying to add cocoa to this recipe but I get an extremely dry dough, even if I remove an equal amount of flour. Does cocoa have some super-absorbant qualities that I'm not aware of? Why doesn't this work??

For people who are interested, try adding a 3rd egg when you use 1 3/4 cup flour and 1/4 cup cocoa. It still is very tasty and has the sticky texture of the dough pictured.

On May 19, 2007 at 10:15 PM, Torgy (guest) said...
Subject: Sugar free or low sugar biscotti
Neither my wife nor I are sugar tolerant. Has anyone come up with an acceptable to alternative to surgar in biscotti. We both love biscotti but not the sugar. Help will be appreciated. Torgy

On June 08, 2007 at 09:28 PM, Paul (guest) said...
Subject: Adding my 2 cents
I've been making biscottum for lots of years and I do two things that might shock you. 1) I use my Kitchenaid mixer, the paddle blade on super low. The good thing about this is that it allows you to compute the consistency very accurately from batch to batch. and 2) I re bake my cut cookies, cooki(?) on a rack so the heat dries out both sides at once. Despite this sacrilidge, I can attest that I have NEVER had a complaint from an end user.
And wht's this about storing them for a month? If yours ain't gone in 3 days, you are doing something wrong.

On June 29, 2007 at 05:25 AM, an anonymous reader said...
I will try this. I am looking for the ultimate recipee though ; Semifredi's from the Bay Area, the best biscotti there is.

for a non sugur verison I found this link - Torgy

On November 04, 2007 at 06:37 AM, annie (guest) said...
Subject: anise biscotti
any one have a receipe for anise biscotti

On November 05, 2007 at 12:15 PM, Elf (guest) said...
Subject: Thanks
I have been researching recipes for giving as Christmas presents, and just wanted to say how much I have enjoyed the website. The style of directions given offer a lot of tips that I would have missed going with another recipe (like not over mixing). Having never made biscotti before you have made this very easy for a beginner to make.

I also found the posted responses interesting and enjoyable.


On December 20, 2007 at 10:34 PM, Detrot (guest) said...
Subject: Help Problem cutting the Biscotti
Can anyone help please?
Each time I bake the biscotti, the log seems to slightly crack on the top. After cooling, they seem to break apart. What am I doing wrong? I can't seem to get clean slices. I am using a good quality knife. Help !

On December 21, 2007 at 11:20 AM, dana (guest) said...
Subject: Cutting Biscotti
I just made a batch today and had absolutely no problem getting perfectly clean slices, and not a single broken one. Make sure your loaves aren't overbaked, don't wait till their completely cool, they should just be comfortably warm when you cut them, cut using a gentle but firm sawing motion with a sharp serrated knife. There, you're done. Works for me everytime. Good luck and hope they turn out OK next time :)

On December 22, 2007 at 09:03 PM, Wiliki in Dana Point (guest) said...
Subject: Additional Recipes
I have been giving biscotti as Christmas presents for years. Most of my recipes come from Cooking Light magazine ( They have 5 pages of recipes. I composing a new recipe myself for this season: spumoni.

On January 05, 2008 at 08:14 PM, amy perry (guest) said...
Subject: ambition
I have an ambition to learn to cook at least one kind of biscotto perfectly this year. This site will help--thank you.

On January 18, 2008 at 04:06 PM, Baking Baba (guest) said...
Subject: re: cutting & breaking & cracks
To Detrot

Are you sifting the flour 1st? If so good. Make sure to not only use a good knife, but a good serrated knife, like a bread knife.

Are you baking in a cold room or elevation? Sometimes moving baked goods from a hot oven to a cold room can make them crack. If you are still having this problem, try placing a light dish towel over your loaves when you put them on the wire reack to cool for the 10 minutes before cutting. This should help to lessen chances of cracking. Also don't wait too long before cutting. Hope this helps!

On January 20, 2008 at 04:59 PM, livlong (guest) said...
Subject: biscotti
Hi Thanks for the web site
I've been making biscotti cookies for my son , but they seem to get too hard after they cool.

I would llike them to be a little softer and not too dry> I'm I putting too much sugar or too much flour?
I have a recepie that calls for 1 cup of regular sugar and 1 cupo of brown sugar and only 3 tbls of butter. Should I add 1 stick of butter to make it softer?


On January 27, 2008 at 02:49 AM, Nir (guest) said...
I added some Galliano instead of the almond extract.
Came out with great aroma :)

On January 31, 2008 at 04:12 PM, Aggiemom (guest) said...
Subject: Crisping the Biscotti
I return the cut biscotti to the oven on a wire rack placed on the cookie sheet. This allows the heat to surround the biscotti and make it crispier.

On February 10, 2008 at 02:05 PM, Guest 3 (guest) said...
Subject: substitute for sugar
For those looking for a sugar substitute in their recipes , Stevia is Excellent. It is a naturally occurring sweetener that comes from a root. Stevia is excellent for diabetics, contains absolutely no chemicals, and can be found in most health food stores. I hope it works out.

On February 12, 2008 at 07:57 AM, Apprentice (guest) said...
I'm reducing the ingredients by half as im making biscotto for the first time! i used milk chocolate instead of dark chocolate (but now im regretting it coz its just too sweet!)

im not sure if im doing it right but there's a eggy smell and taste. what is going wrong? shld i whisk my egg and sugar longer?

On March 17, 2008 at 08:21 AM, Zigmac (guest) said...
Subject: cutting biscotti
I use an electric knife to cut my biscotti. Using an electric knife allows you to cut the loaves immediately, no need to cool down. Also, can't wait to try the suggestion about lining the biscotti up on their bottoms, for the second baking. Sounds like a great tip!

On May 02, 2008 at 05:33 AM, Lelly (guest) said...
Subject: Biscotti
I agree that the second bake is better on a wire tray to ensure hot air circulates round more easily, definitely helps to create the hard texture required. Love the precise wording in the recipe, great for people like me who can get a bit anal when trying out new stuff !! ;)

On June 20, 2008 at 06:33 PM, Louschu (guest) said...
Subject: Biscotti
I thought I would add some of my recipe for Biscotti's . I use both chopped waluts and slivered almonds. I also add 2 Tb of Anise family loves the licorice taste. Betty

On July 29, 2008 at 09:55 PM, tonnyaarp (guest) said...
Subject: Biscotti history
When serving (Army) in Italy for 3 years 1962-65, I lived off base and learned Italian and their cooking. The history of biscotti goes back to the roman army days of long marches. The cooks deliberaly did not put any butter, or grease intro these biscotti so the soldiers could put them in their small packs and eat them along the way without any fear of them getting rancid. We keep ours in a biscotti jar for weeks! Buon appetito!

On October 10, 2008 at 11:51 AM, kim (guest) said...
Subject: Well-Organized Recipe.
Wow, this recipe is well-organized! Good work. I loved it!
The visuals were great for those who have trouble visualizing what the recipe consists of.


On October 22, 2008 at 09:08 AM, michding (guest) said...
Subject: my biscottis are hard rock?
What texture should the biscotti be? i followed the receipe, and the bisocttis are like a hard rock? is that normal? how can i improve it?

On October 22, 2008 at 01:01 PM, Michael Chu said...
Subject: Re: my biscottis are hard rock?
michding wrote:
What texture should the biscotti be? i followed the receipe, and the bisocttis are like a hard rock? is that normal? how can i improve it?

Biscotti is pretty hard - they have to hold up to dipping in hot liquid while being eaten. Take your biscotti and dip it into the beverage of your choice - coffee, hot chocolate, tea, milk, whatever suits your fancy - for one second, then take a bite.

On December 16, 2008 at 04:03 PM, webly (guest) said...
Subject: Mmmmm
Great recipe,

been looking around to find a recipe to make biscotti as gifts for christmas - this is defnitely a great recipe and worked brilliantly - both times! (the first batch never made it as far as presents we barely let them cool before wolfing them with coffee)

Thanks for the clear instuctions and the whole website is great

On January 19, 2009 at 08:59 AM, Christina (guest) said...
Subject: Biscotti..Italian
Hi Everyone,

After reading everyones posts thought I woild clear up some things here on Italian Biscotti!!!!
1. You must put Anise seeds in your cookies
2. Walnuts
3. Not almond extract...they are Anise Biscottis (Italian ones)

Of course there are other ways to make Biuscottis but this is the Italian way......hope this helps....this is my Grandmas way from Italy

On February 18, 2009 at 08:10 PM, an anonymous reader said...
Subject: Awesome!

I used the standard recipe with the following modifications by adding:

1. A bit of butter (when beating the eggs)
2. An additional 1/2 tsp of vanilla extract (as recommended earlier)
3. 1 tsp of milk when the mixture became too sticky

The biscotti came out really well. The only comment I would give would be to remove the smaller parts from the 2nd and 3rd baking process because they would become too hard if baked longer than this.

Thanks so much for such a wonderful recipe!

On February 18, 2009 at 09:29 PM, Syahani (guest) said...
I really want to say thank you for this lovely recipe. I have been using this recipe as my basic recipe and improvised the flavors. I started selling my biscotti and now they come hit and sold out! Even my nieces love them. Thank you for your recipes. I tried a few others and i never failed! :)


On July 24, 2009 at 10:28 AM, devereauxd (guest) said...
Subject: Looks alone
Thank you for your recipe. Your pictures alone answered many questions and your hints gave me a jump start to making biscotti. I will get busy now.

Devereaux D
Salt Lake City, Utah

On July 27, 2009 at 06:19 PM, Bishop (guest) said...
Subject: Hello
Nice recipe!

On August 17, 2009 at 11:53 AM, valeri1274 (guest) said...
Subject: dimensions?
All the comments and no one questioned the size of the loaves ? I'll give you that they look about 10 inches long, but by 2 inches no way- the width looks at least 4-5 " long and this is supposed to be for engineers- ha ha!

On August 17, 2009 at 03:28 PM, Dilbert said...
Subject: Re: dimensions?
valeri1274 wrote:
All the comments and no one questioned the size of the loaves ? I'll give you that they look about 10 inches long, but by 2 inches no way- the width looks at least 4-5 " long and this is supposed to be for engineers- ha ha!

yup. but engineers read the directions.
With your hands, form the batter into two loaves of approximately 10-in. (25 cm) by 2 in. (5 cm) each.

engineers who bake know formed loaves change dimensions in the baking process.

On October 30, 2009 at 05:41 PM, mac.adorer (guest) said...
Subject: HAHAHA
Thank you for the recipe and HAHAH to your reply regarding the loaf changing dimension...

I'm not an engineer but it's funny to see engineers bashing each other =P

Thank you none the less. Will bake this over the weekend.

Mac.adorer :P

On December 23, 2009 at 09:09 PM, an anonymous reader said...
Subject: Biscotti
Great recipe! I wish I saw this before I made my very first batch. Easy directions. My favorite thing besides the pictures is the recipe at the botton - dig that layout!

On February 21, 2010 at 01:58 PM, Helen (guest) said...
Subject: Biscotti
Here is a suggestion for the second baking which was handed down to me by a very kind Portuguese woman. Instead of turning the individual pieces or trying to stand them up on end evenly spaced, after slicing them, leave them on their sides and put whole wire cooling rack into the oven to finish the second baking. The heat and air can bake both sides at the same time. I was very happy Elsie shared one of her baking tricks with me saving me time and effort.

On March 29, 2010 at 06:47 PM, Passionatecook (guest) said...
Subject: Biscotti
My biscotti are in the oven...our granddaughter is allergic to treenuts, so I've substituted cranberries...yum, I'm waiting to taste them... :D

On September 30, 2010 at 02:06 PM, an anonymous reader said...
I've made biscotti using this recipe (omitting the orange zest and adding a splash more almond extract) a few times now, and they always turn out perfect. Thanks!

On December 20, 2010 at 01:54 AM, chanman (guest) said...
I've been making this recipe successfully for Xmas gifts this year. Instead of the slivered almonds, orange zest, and almond extract though, I've been using amaretto, lemon zest, dried cranberries, and candied ginger

On February 18, 2011 at 04:19 PM, dgasler (guest) said...
Subject: Biscotti
Enjoying the discussion.

My question will be anathema to some...

How do I get a soft, chewy biscotti.

bought some at a show recently and they were wonderful.

any help would be appreciated.


On May 31, 2011 at 12:14 PM, angegear (guest) said...
The answer, Don, is that you don't.

I think you're looking for a shortbread cookie recipe.

On June 07, 2011 at 11:34 AM, mata said...
Subject: Missing ingredients
Nice recipe and clear instructions, but the list of ingredients at the top of the page does not include the almond and vanilla extracts, although they are included in the diagram.

On June 09, 2011 at 04:55 AM, Michael Chu said...
Subject: Re: Missing ingredients
mata wrote:
Nice recipe and clear instructions, but the list of ingredients at the top of the page does not include the almond and vanilla extract, although they are included in the diagram.

Thanks. I've fixed the article to include the extracts.

On June 18, 2011 at 05:36 AM, merry (guest) said...
Subject: measuring flour in biscotti recipe
I've got a batch of biscotti in the oven as I write. For the first time, I decided to weigh the sifted flour. But I didn't get the 250 grams you list; I got 225 -- so I added a little more flour till it reached 250g.
I know people measure flour in different ways. I gently fill the measuring cup tablespoon by tablespoon and level with knife. I know some people scoop with the measuring cup and then level. The way I do it may be why I end up with less flour. Since I'm making your recipe, it would help to know how you measure flour.
Many thanks, Merry

On October 23, 2011 at 01:08 AM, ruthie (guest) said...
Subject: soft biscotti
My question will be anathema to some...

How do I get a soft, chewy biscotti.

bought some at a show recently and they were wonderful.

any help would be appreciated.

Are you sure they weren't Napolitane? They are formed into the same shape loaf and sliced the same way, but they are cakier and aren't baked the second time. They usually have glaceed cherries in them.

Now that's a recipe I've been hunting for for ages! Anyone know how to make them???

Biscotti are meant to be crisp and firm since they're meant for dipping in liquids. Softer or cakier, and they wouldn't hold up.

On November 20, 2011 at 10:10 PM, an anonymous reader said...
Subject: biscotti - meaning
I think it should be fairly obvious that biscotti does not mean "twice baked" but "biscuits"...
to confirm, type "twice baked biscuits" into google translate - yielding "biscotti al forno due volte" :shock:

On November 20, 2011 at 11:17 PM, Michael Chu said...
Subject: Re: biscotti - meaning
Anonymous wrote:
I think it should be fairly obvious that biscotti does not mean "twice baked" but "biscuits"...
to confirm, type "twice baked biscuits" into google translate - yielding "biscotti al forno due volte" :shock:

The English word "biscuit" and the Italian word "biscotto" are both derived from Latin: "pan bis coctus" meaning twice baked bread.

Simply typing "twice-baked" in Google translate yields "biscotti".

On January 10, 2013 at 06:36 PM, guest (guest) said...
Subject: cracking biscotti
How do I keep the top of the loaf from cracking during first bake? When I cut them, they tend to fall apart

On January 10, 2013 at 10:50 PM, Jim Cooley said...
Gently score the top edge before baking with a knife coated in butter.

On January 11, 2013 at 12:03 AM, guest (guest) said...
Subject: cracks
What causes the logs to crack? The dough did not feel dry, in fact was just a little sticky.

On September 15, 2016 at 11:56 PM, auroraleveroni (guest) said...
Subject: Biscotti
Really like the pictures of your Biscotti Recipe however as an old 93 year full-blooded Italian who married a full blooded Italian, I hate to put a damper on your definition of Biscotti---actually translated it means : "cookies" and it can be any kind of cookies, so when you name them it would be best to say what they really are. I make the Anise Biscotti Logs and have been doing so for the past 83 years. Just 10 years old when my mother first taught me how to make them.

Of course there are many biscotti -- Macaroons, Cannoli, Baci di Dama, Pignoli Cenci just to name a few.

On August 07, 2021 at 09:18 PM, Shelvis (guest) said...
Subject: Great recipe
Made half batch as instructed the other half with anise. Used electric knife for cutting and both turned out great. Yum. Thank you.

On August 11, 2021 at 11:31 PM, Lyceme said...
You mean, you cooked twice? What an impressive effort. Thanks for sharing.

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